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TAVR is associated with varying degrees of post-procedural AKI. The RenalGuard System is a dedicated device designed for contrast-induced AKI prevention. Whether this device is also effective in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR is unexplored.

PROTECT-TAVI is an investigator-driven, single-center, prospective, open-label, registry-based randomized study that used the TAVR institutional registry of the Ferrarotto Hospital in Catania, Italy, as the platform for randomization, data collection, and follow-up assessment. A total of 112 consecutive patients undergoing TAVR were randomly assigned to hydration with normal saline solution controlled by the RenalGuard system and furosemide (RenalGuard group) or normal saline solution (control group). The primary endpoint was the incidence of Valve Academic Research Consortium–defined AKI in the first 72 h after the procedure.

The AKI rate was lower in the RenalGuard group than in the control group (n = 3 [5.4%] vs. n =14 [25.0%], respectively, p = 0.014). The majority of patients (5.4% vs. 23.2%) developed a mild AKI (stage 1); severe damage (stage 3) occurred only in 1 patient in the control group (0.0% vs. 1.8%). No case of in-hospital renal failure requiring dialysis was reported. No significant differences in terms of mortality, cerebrovascular events, bleeding, and hospitalization for heart failure were noted in both groups at 30 days.