* All ethnic groups other than African-American.
** Hypotension: systolic blood pressure <80 mmHg for at least 1 hr. requiring inotropic support or intra-aortic balloon pump support within 24 hr. periprocedurally.
*** Congestive Heart Failure: CHF class III/IV by New York Heart Association and/or history of pulmonary edema.
Mehran R, Aymong ED, Nikolsky E, et al. A simple risk score for prediction of contrast-induced nephropathy after percutaneous coronary intervention: Development and initial validation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004;44(7):1393-1399. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2004.06.068.
1 Subramanian S et al. Economic burden of contrast-induced nephropathy: implications for prevention strategies. Journal of Medical Economics. 2007;10(2):119–134.
2 Marenzi G et al. Prevention of contrast nephropathy by furosemide with matched hydration: the MYTHOS (Induced Diuresis With Matched Hydration Compared to Standard Hydration for Contrast Induced Nephropathy Prevention) trial. JACC. Cardiovascular interventions. 2012;5(1):90–7.
3 Briguori C. Renal insufficiency following contrast media administration trial II (REMEDIAL II): RenalGuard system in high-risk patients for contrast-induced acute kidney injury: rationale and design. EuroIntervention: Journal of EuroPCR in Collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology. 2011;6(9):1117–1122, 7.
eGFR = 106 mL/min/1.73 m2
*All ethnic groups other than African American
Expressing the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study Equation for Estimating Glomerular Filtration Rate with Standardized Serum Creatinine Values. Clin. Chem, 2007 Apr;53(4):766-72. Epub 2007 Mar 1.